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Taxes and Disabilitiesin Tax Planning and Tax Preparation
If you have a severe and prolonged impairment in physical and mental functions, you may claim the disability amount to reduce the amount of your income tax that you pay in a year. This includes a supplement for persons under the age of 18 by the end of the year. You may claim the disability amount on your income tax and benefit return if you are eligible for the disability tax credit or DTC. To be eligible for the disability tax credit, the CRA has to approve your Disability Tax Credit Certificate or Form T2201. Please note that the CRA requires the original certified form in its entirety to be able to have it approved. A qualified practitioner is required to certify certain sections of the form before it is submitted to the CRA.
It is important to note that you can transfer all or part of your disability amount to your spouse or common law partner or to another supporting person.
As mentioned earlier, if you are under 18 years of age at the end of the year, you can also claim up to an additional $4,402. However, this supplement may be reduced if, in 2012, someone claimed the child care expenses or attendant care expenses for you. It may also be reduced if you claimed the attendant care expenses for yourself.
There are some cases when the Form T2201, Disability Tax Credit Certificate, is denied or not approved. If this happens, the CRA will send a notice of determination to you with an explanation why your application was denied. It is recommended that you check the form against the reason given by the CRA, since the decision is based on the information provided by your qualified practitioner. You may also send additional information to the CRA so they can review your file again.